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MCRN

Complex Energy Systems

This is the opening guest lecture for the Electric Grid Focus Group. Dr. Michael Chertkov of Los Alamos National Lab describes the statistical and mathematical problems arising in complex energy systems, including the electric grid and gas networks. Systems with high penetration of renewable energy …
  • Resource Presentations
HABRI Central

Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin

During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion criteria wi…
  • Resource Journal Articles
HABRI Central

Zoonotic disease concerns in animal-assisted therapy and animal visitation programs

A survey was done of 150 systematically selected United States animal care agencies and 74 Canadian humane societies to determine the prevalence of animal assisted therapy (AAT) programs; concerns about, and experience with, zoonotic diseases; and precautions taken to prevent zoonotic disease transm…
  • Resource Journal Articles
HABRI Central

Twenty-five year history of the Kansas coyote damage control program

In the 1968 legislative session, an appropriate was made to Kansas State University to hire a predator and rodent control specialist. I was hired for this position on July 1, 1968. During August, 1968, I traveled to Missouri and spent a week working with Mr. Bob Smith, a long-time employee of the Mi…
  • Resource Conference Proceedings
HABRI Central

An investigation of the psychosocial impact of human-animal interaction on a forensic population

This quasi-experimental field study tested the psychosocial effects of a forensic human-animal interaction (HAI) program on prison inmates. The study assessed the impact of the HAI program using both between-subject and within-subject methods and analyses. A total of 54 male inmates participated in …
  • Resource Theses
HABRI Central

Status and management of coyote depredations in the eastern United States

The populations of coyotes (Canis latrans) have increased dramatically in the eastern United States since the early 1900s (Hilton, 1978; Chambers, 1987; Hill et al., 1987; Witmer and Hayden 1992). The expansion of the coyote range into eastern North America has been summarized by Parker (1995) and c…
  • Resource Journal Articles
HABRI Central

The whooping crane crossfostering experiment: the role of animal damage control

Predator losses of endangered species in reintroduction programs are unacceptable because of the scarcity of the species and the major commitment of staff time and funds. When the whooping crane (Grus americana) cross-fostering experiment (experiment) at Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge (Grays La…
  • Resource Conference Papers
HABRI Central

The mechanical control of bushpig, Potamochoerus porcus, in Zimbabwe

Bushpig, Potamocheorus porcus, occurring naturally in the high rainfall areas of Zimbabwe, have become a major threat to maize producers in the country. Traditional means of control including hunting have been unsuccessful in keeping the numbers to a tolerable level owing to the secretive and cunnin…
  • Resource Conference Proceedings
HABRI Central

The Control of Neglected Zoonotic Diseases in Nigeria through Animal Intervention

Zoonoses are a major cause of morbidity and mortality across the world and particularly in Nigeria; however, they are often neglected by primary healthcare managers and policy makers. The neglected zoonotic diseases endemic in Nigeria include Anthrax, brucellosis, Bovine Tuberculosis, Rabies, Lassa …
  • Resource Journal Articles
HABRI Central

From operant learning to cognitive enrichment in farm animal housing: bases and applicability

This study has its basis in recent findings by our own and other laboratories and proposes a type of rewarded operant learning that seeks the detection of discriminatory cues as a cognitive enrichment in intensive husbandry systems. This type of cognitive enrichment has the ability to activate the i…
  • Resource Journal Articles
HABRI Central

Development of an item scale to assess attitudes towards domestic dogs in the United Republic of Tanzania

Domestic dogs are important sources of rabies exposure for humans in the developing world. Control of the disease in endemic areas relies on the vaccination of owned dogs, and thus owners' attitudes and behaviour towards household dogs may be of relevance to rabies control programmes. However, none …
  • Resource Journal Articles
HABRI Central

Sensory sensitivities: components of a horse's temperament dimension

Temperament is an important factor when working with horses. Behavioural tests have already been developed to measure certain dimensions of a horse's temperament (fearfulness, gregariousness, etc.). In order to measure the temperament more precisely, our work aimed to identify a dimension which has …
  • Resource Journal Articles
HABRI Central

Effect of an early bitter taste experience on subsequent feather-pecking behaviour in laying hens

Recent studies showed that laying hens learn not to peck at bitter-tasting feathers from conspecifics. In the present experiment, feathers of newly hatched chicks were made distasteful by spraying them with a bitter-tasting substance (quinine). It was hypothesized that chicks could detect quinine an…
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HABRI Central

Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering in …
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HABRI Central

Exploration as an indicator of good welfare in beef bulls: an attempt to develop a test for on-farm assessment

Exploration appears to be carried out for its own purpose due to being self-rewarding. Furthermore, it increases environmental certainty with the effect of increased predictability and control of the environment. We, therefore, supposed that exploratory behaviour is associated with positive emotions…
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HABRI Central

Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences

This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal population dy…
  • Resource Journal Articles