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MCRN

Growing Algae for Biofuels and Biomass

Literature for the basics by David N. Thomas Literature for the basics by David N. Thomas …
  • Resource Educational Materials
MyGeohub

Market-mediated environmental impacts of biofuels

This paper surveys the evidence on market-mediated environmental impacts of biofuels, with special attention to the indirect greenhouse gas emissions stemming from land cover change in the wake of increased demand for biofuel feedstocks. We find clear evidence that market mediated land use response …
  • Resource Publications
MCRN

Extending the square root method to account for model noise in the ensemble Kalman filter

Presented by Patrick Raanes on 2-18-2015 Abstract:A novel approach to account for model noise in the forecast step of the Ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) is proposed. The core method is based on the approach of the analysis step of ensemble square root filters (ETKF), and consists in right-multiplying…
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MyGeohub

Energy prices will play an important role in determining global land use in the twenty first century

Global land use research to date has focused on quantifying uncertainty effects of three major drivers affecting competition for land: the uncertainty in energy and climate policies affecting competition between food and biofuels, the uncertainty of climate impacts on agriculture and forestry, and t…
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HABRI Central

Biofuels: efficiency, ethics, and limits to human appropriation of ecosystem services

Biofuels have lately been indicated as a promising source of cheap and sustainable energy. In this paper we argue that some important ethical and environmental issues have also to be addressed: (1) the conflict between biofuels production and global food security, particularly in developing countrie…
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HABRI Central

The agricultural ethics of biofuels: a first look

A noticeable push toward using agricultural crops for ethanol production and for undertaking research to expand the range of possible biofuels began to dominate discussions of agricultural science and policy in the United States around 2005. This paper proposes two complementary philosophical approa…
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HABRI Central

Large-scale land acquisition: evaluating its environmental aspects against the background of strong sustainability

Large-scale land acquisition (LaSLA) in developing countries is discussed controversially in both the media as well as academia: Opponents point to negative social and environmental consequences. By contrast, proponents conceive of LaSLA as much needed investment into the formerly neglected agricult…
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HABRI Central

Ethics and biofuel production in Chile

Chile needs to diversify its energy supply, and should establish policies that encourage the production and use of biofuels. The demand for energy resources increases with population growth and industrial development, making it urgent to find green alternatives to minimize the impacts of greenhouse …
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HABRI Central

The rationality of biofuel certification: a critical examination of EU biofuel policy

Certification for biofuels has been developed to ensure that biofuel production methods adhere to social and environmental sustainability standards. As such, requiring biofuel production to be certified has become part of EU policy through the 2009 renewable energy directive (RED), that aims to prom…
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